The Ten Commandments were given to the children of Israel, the descendants of Abraham’s seed.
Christians are children of Abraham
In Genesis 12:7 the Lord said to Abraham after he had reached the land of Canaan, “Unto thy seed will I give this land.” If we but hold to the Scriptures we should have no difficulty in determining who the seed is.
“Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.” Galatians 3:16
This should settle the matter, the seed of Abraham, to whom the promise was made is Christ, He is the heir.
“For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female; for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” Galatians 3:29
Now we should know, that although there are possibly many millions included in the seed, there is only one seed, for we are all one in Christ, as He is “the Seed.”
If anyone belongs to Christ, then they are Abraham’s seed; as was Isaac.
“In Isaac shall thy seed be called,” [Genesis 21:12; Romans 9:7; Hebrews 11:18] for Isaac was born after the Spirit, and is the true seed.
Therefore all the children of Abraham are they alone who are born of the Spirit. For “We, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.” Galatians 4:28
Isaac was freeborn; and none but those who are free are the children of Abraham, “So, then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.” Galatians 4:31
So if any man has not the Spirit of Christ, the Spirit by which Isaac was born, he is not a child of Abraham, and has no claim to any part of the promise.
But as the inheritance is wholly a gift, and the Holy Spirit is the first-fruits or pledge of the inheritance, so the Spirit is freely given to all who believe; and with the Holy Spirit comes the righteousness of God, and therefore the surety of the resurrection.
For “if the Spirit of Him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in you.” Romans 8:11
Another point that must be considered
is that the Gospel is the preaching of the cross, which is the good news of salvation from sin by the birth, the death, and the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
And “The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the Gospel beforehand unto Abraham.” (Gal 3:8)
This verse can suffer much scrutiny, in understanding it we will be protected from many errors. Fortunately it is not difficult to understand; simply hold to what it says, and you have it.
For one thing, the verse shows us that the Gospel was preached at least as early as the days of Abraham, in fact the first rendering of the Gospel was in Genesis 3:15, and in both instances it was God Himself who preached it; therefore, it was the true and only Gospel.
It is the same Gospel that Paul preached; and there is none other. The Gospel differs in no particular now from what it was in Abraham’s day; for his day was the day of Christ. [John 8:56.]
Therefore, we can be absolutely certain that Abraham was a Christian, because Jesus Himself testified of the fact.
“Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.” John 8:56
And don’t we all rejoice to see His day? And so the Gospel of the Old Testament is the same as that of the New Testament, and that is “Christ in us” (Col 1:27; Rom 9:23)
Therefore Abraham was a Christian as much as anyone who has ever lived since the crucifixion of Christ. “The disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.” But the disciples were no different after they were called Christians from what they were before.
In the days when they were known only as Jews, they were also Christians, just as much as they were after; the name is of little account.
The name “Christians” was given them because they were followers of Christ; but they were followers of Christ before they were called Christians, just as much as they were afterwards.
Abraham, hundreds of years before the days of Jesus of Nazareth was just what the disciples were who in Antioch were called Christians; he was a follower of Christ. Therefore he was in the fullest sense of the word a Christian.
All Christians, and none others, are children of Abraham.
“Out of Egypt have I called my Son.” Since Christ was called out of Egypt, all who are Christ’s, that is, all the seed of Abraham, must likewise be called out of Egypt.
And that is the work of the Gospel.
Therefore we ask the question, to whom were the Ten Commandments given, the Ten, including the Sabbath of rest?
There were Ten Commandments given at Sinai, but there are many who don’t believe that the Sabbath is for the Christians.